Tuesday, January 21, 2020
A Logical and Unemotional Justification of Capital Punishment :: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays
A Logical and Unemotional Justification of Capital Punishment Just as the Pied Piper of Hamlin was paid to destroy the rat population, the state prisons are being forced to perform a similar action with what is an overflow of vermin. Taking either a "pro" or an "anti" stance is not something to be done lightly. Most people decide which side they are to take based on purely emotional reasons. Those who support capital punishment do so based on a hatred of the crimes committed, and a fear of similar crimes happening to them. This is not the way to reach a logical decision. Others abhor violence, and feel that two wrongs, namely murder and execution, do not make a right. (although in science, the language of logic, two negatives do make a positive.) Morality, fear, hatred, and ignorance often play a large part in important decisions, dooming society to enforce ridiculous laws, and leaving itself susceptible to rotting from the inside, out. First and foremost, it is important to put our version of capital punishment in an accurate, historical context. Since that dawn of civilization, through the laws of Moses, and the laws of Hammurabi, what you did, was done to you. The advancement of civilization is peppered with this same prevalent idea of reciprocity. To argue against these historic beliefs is to argue against the growth and development inherent in history. If at anytime this law of reciprocation had been ignored, chaos would have been re-introduced into society, creating a premature, and quick, decadence. In comparison, our law of capital punishment is a cake-walk. We do not hack off your hand when we think you take an apple. We do not burn out your eyes when you lust after another man's wife. We do not cut your tongue out and feed it to the lions if you verbalize the name of God. We offer you a trial by your peers, in which you must be proven without a doubt to be guilty. Then, you are locked in a penitentiary, where you can easily be granted an appeal. You exist incarcerated usually for many years, until your appeals have been defeated, the proof against you has been confirmed, and your crimes against humanity are of such a heinous nature that you have condemned yourself to a painless, quick, and easy death.
Monday, January 13, 2020
The purpose of management in sectors of an economy and control systems is to achieve goals and objectives of an organization with ease and at least cost. The ultimate purpose of any system is that it should be Ã¢â¬Å"in controlÃ¢â¬ rather than Ã¢â¬Å"controlling peopleÃ¢â¬ (Simons 2000). Systems which are in Ã¢â¬Ëperfect controlÃ¢â¬â¢ other than controlling them show profound differences between the two concepts and the ability to achieve their goals with ease. Both the internal and external environments impact an organization control structure. There are four paradigms that forms the framework around which the theme of understanding of controls is built (Simons 2000)In the first paradigm is one that enables organization to adapt themselves to their environment knowing what they want and how to achieve it with ease,. When an organization decides what they want, the process is referred to as part of control system. The process would either be based towards centralization or decentralization. Purpose would be, to effectively adapt to the changing environment. When an organization is able to identify and discover the best strategies and instruments of control, it is headed towards success. (pp 2) The second paradigm of the control system comprehensively covers the activities and behavior of top management levels of the organization (described as management controls), process (operational control) and task or transactional control; at the Grass-Root level (pg 3). The paradigm emphasizes on the integration at the board levels of the management team (management controls) The third paradigm explores the explicitly democratic and participative styles of management due to the growth in the field of information technology and knowledge management. This has resulted in research on management control and its relationship with strategic management. The paradigm deals with coordinating control systems with self control and designing and implementing systems for controlling the not-so-sincere people. The fourth paradigm deals with the adaptive theory of human behavior. Simons assumes that human beings want to contribute, achieve innovate and work competently even though they do not want to have specific external inducements to be so. Generation and implementation of adaptive control strategies are quite capable by human beings. This can be achieved through mutual consolation without an external force t make them fall in like and work for the organization. Everybody doing a business or government owned organization are looking for growth. Sufficient profit is thus essential to support market expectations. The problem arises when the top management pushes too hard for profit and does not have the right controls in places. In such cases employees may start to do dumb things like misusing revenues or making unethical decisions. In response to the above the company should therefore employ all sorts of controls. It should also be noted that if they go overboard in that same direction, the businesses will risk becoming internally focuses loosing growth power. This forms the basis of our paper in which we shall discuss the variety of forces in a business and to maintain the ultimate challenge. The Burlington Northern Rail Road (BN) was created in 1970 by the merger of four rail roads, Chicago Burlington and Quincy railroad; Northern pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, and the Spokane; Portland and Seattle Railway Co. In 1980 another railway the ST. Louis-San Francisco Railway co. (Frisco) was acquired and merged into BN- (oligopoly watch 2003). BN decision to delay to deploy the ARES was as a result of perhaps because of the high price tag associated with the system wide application. The Ã¢â¬Å"Amtra AresÃ¢â¬ would benefit the Burlington Northern by working an advanced train control system. Passengers would benefit with on time improvement in performance, reductions in running time and continuous communication for increased services reliability. The Ares deployment would cause a vast improvement in the management on safety of trains on any given rail. It enables the railroad to determine the exact location of train. If implemented ARES will permit an additional capacity on rail lines and better enable trains to be dispatched faster. In addition the technology will also permit timely monitoring of the mechanical conditions of equipment. (Oligopoly watch briefs 2003) The company also faces major competition form other established rails in US and therefore the industry profitability depends on porters five forces model for likely profitability. As porter (2005) a business has to understand the dynamics of its industries and markets in order to compete effectively in the market place. He contends that the competitive environment is created by the interaction of the five different forces acting on a business. (Bowman and Davviney 1997) The original competitive forces as proposed by porter, identified forces which would impact on an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior in a competitive market. The analysis focused on the following areas:- Ã¢â¬ ¢ The rivalry between existing sellers in the market Ã¢â¬ ¢ The impact of the suppliers on the sellers Ã¢â¬ ¢ The potential threat of new sellers entering the market. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The threat of substantial products becoming available in the market. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The power that is exerted by the customers in the market. The analysis are well illustrate in table in Appendix I DEGREE OF RIVALRY The Company faces major competition from other railway operators and means of transport. Rivalry determines the extent to which the value created by an industry will be dissipated through head-to-head competition. The concentration of alternative means of transport in the region seem to be a factor that affecting the effectiveness of the industry. ( High Beam Encyclopedi) Ã¢â¬ ¢ The nature of the cost of transport should be variable in order to attract ore travelers to use that means of transport. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The capacity of the rail should be considered by the management to accommodate more people and goods. Ã¢â¬ ¢ They should also focus of market growth to increase competition and this shows their stability. Ã¢â¬ ¢ In terms of operation and customer service their mode should be different from other lines in operation. THE THREAT OF ENTRY Porters admit that both potential and existing competitors influence average industry profitability. This threat is usually based on the market entry barriers. Entry barriers exist when it is difficult to economically operate for an outside in an industry already saturated with incumbents. The company faces loss threats from other competitors in terms of economics of scale. The benefits derived from such operation is worth noting and can be utilized to keep the company making other contracts in to industry faces challenges and barriers such as cost of entry, distribution channels and may lack differentiation. THREATS OF SUBSTITUTE When a company is faced by the threat of substitute products that pose to its profitability; it will depend on the relative price-to-performance ratios on the different types of services or products that the customer can turn to satisfy his basic needs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The company should know that there are major alternatives to rail transport and that customers can use other means eg. Air and road. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The threat of switching out should also be discovered as a factor that can affect their competitiveness in that these costs are incurred when retaining, retooling and redesigning when a customer switches to a different mode of transport. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The company should be sensitive on their pricing system which should be in tandem or cheaper with other alternatives. Ã¢â¬ ¢ When designing substitutes of their own such as luxury coaches they should consider if they can do without it other than adding extra costs. BUYER POWER Buyer power influences the appropriation of the value created by an industry/company. The concentration of customers and size determines the buyer power. Other factors depend on how the company has marketed itself to the customers and differentiation of the competitors. The company poses credible threat of backward integration form the travelers who are their frequent customers. They should focus much on their maintaining the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ base through service improvement. The declining number of customers also does not frequent the route, their bargaining power towards the company falls means of attracting them back should be developed. SUPPLIER POWER This typically focuses on the relative size and concentration of companies offering similar services to the industry participants and degree of differentiation. The ability of a company to charge customers different prices in line with different in the value created indicates that there is high supply of services with low supply power For the supply power of Northern railway to exist the company should: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Maintain their brand name power in recognizable in the market. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Create different values in services offered with different prices. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Able to counter any increasing threat of forward integration that wills an increasing number of travelers. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ensure that the customer is well informed of his services. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The merger of the four companies is a strong point they should maintain. Case #2 Burlington industry must capitalize on the stability and management control it has instituted over the years it has been in operations. Also begin planning and reporting by business line and should identify activities and functions that led themselves to competition. This is because the company faces a serious problem when it comes to regulating the railway transport. Use of technologies such as ARES should be encouraged by this company. The following measures as stated above cn help them to solve this internal problems. 1. Management control They should try to reinforce what they already have accomplished over the years. Substantial structural and operating changes can result in increased stability, expense control and an effective program of capital reinvestment. The restructuring effort should:- Ã¢â¬ ¢ Reduce management levels clarify roles played by authority and enhance accountability. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Should have regular reporting. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Control budget Ã¢â¬ ¢ Focus on its core duty of passenger rail service. 2. Planning and reporting by business line Accountability in their financial transactions is one major factor they should consider. Transparency should be provided along the companies operating profile to facilitate management and god policy decision. In infrastructure management good technology like ARES which can help them control traffic should be deployed. Such structures would bring a different dimension which not only focuses on the cost of each line of operation but the mission, goals and market opportunities associated with the company. The management accountability should go hand in hand with the performance for each business line and this includes on time performance and customer service. 3. Advance Competition The utimage goal of Northern rail line should be to focus on maintaining a vibrant passenger rail system with a competitive supply of service industry and delivery. This objective should be supported through Ã¢â¬ ¢ The development of an activity based analytical capabilities that elatify the cost of individual business lines. Ã¢â¬ ¢ By enhancing the carrying out a comprehensive review and implementation of operating efficiencies. 4. The company should focus on delivering services in a cost effective manner as possible. They should also identify opportunities for revenue advancement and savings. This can be achieved through: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Embracing innovation, marketing and pricing strategies. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Creating flexible work rule that will enhance operational efficiency while maintaining service quality. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Timely scheduling of departure and arrivals to reduce cost. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Invest in technology such as ARES that will improve productivity, help solve internal problems and failures. 5. Customer service and time performance. In order for the company to have an even customer service it should focus on the following:- Ã¢â¬ ¢ Develop a highly skilled, service oriented workforce which has the capacity to interact well with customers. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Create timely dispatch and arrival times which will avoid congestion. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Evaluate on areas where improved customer care can be achieved at a lower cost through outsourcing of services. Case # 3 The future on the success of Burlington Northern rail depends upon its inputs form the high traffic volumes, higher revenues yields while ensuring operating capacity is sufficient to match demand and lowered unit costs. They therefore need or are obligated to address these issues in grater details superior performance will only flow if the company gets better at managing new care competencies like pricing, capacity, networks and schedules. In addition o making improvements in general productivity the company should have better cost management by addressing this cost disparities in comparison with other transport modes. Burlington should move from a constraint driven environment to a market driven one with an aim of capturing and retaining the market share. This will be achieved if they offer excellent services to customers and ensure that resources are used properly. Failure to comply with such minor issue will push them out of business as they lose market share. Case # 4 The advanced Railway electric system (ARES) is important if implemented would address traffic and increase yield through market planning and scheduling technology. The increase operating would lower operating cost. The management science techniques as they are called are being used for queuing, decision, information, statistics as well as stimulation, operation research and linear programming. The new approach for planning and re-configuring rail networks are opening up key opportunities and major savings. To maintain a competitive advantage the company should aim at developing high speed rail networks and advanced scheduling though ARES a key factor in matching out to demand. The increase in demands calls for an effective system to build schedules to meet the changing demand, both constraint driven and market driven criteria. The system makes it possible to choose between all alternatives and find best arrangements tailored to meet the organizations conditions. If Burlington does not implement ARES it is faced with and impending threat on traffic as the railway scheduling is becoming more and more complex. They will not be able to meet the changing demand and because of this they cannot maximize profits as there will be increased operational costs. Being able to find the best technology like ARES in such a difficult choice environment is a strong competitive advantage.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
What do you call the different parts of your home and its furnishings in German? If you are moving into a house or apartment in a German-speaking country, you will need to become familiar with these terms. You will see the English term and the matching German one. If there is an abbreviation that is often seen in classified ads, it is included in parentheses. Terms for Dwellings What do you call a house, apartment, or flat?Ã You will need these terms when you refer to where you live, as well as for looking for a living space. apartment, flatÃ die WohnungÃ (-en)apartment share/roommatesÃ die WohngemeinschaftÃ (WG)communal apartmentÃ die WohngemeinschaftÃ (WG)condo, condominiumÃ die Eigentumswohnung3-room apartmentÃ das 3-Zimmerwohnungstudio apartment/flat, bedsitÃ das Atelier,Ã das Apartment/Appartement,Ã das Wohnschlafzimmer,Ã die Einzimmerwohnungbedsit (BE), studio apartment/flatÃ das Apartment/Appartement,Ã das Atelier,Ã das Wohnschlafzimmer,Ã die Einzimmerwohnungflat, apartmentÃ dieÃ WohnungÃ (-en)floor (story)Ã die Etage,Ã der Stockground floorÃ das Erdgeschoss,Ã die ParterreÃ the 1st floor (Brit.)Ã der erste Stockthe 1st floor (US)Ã das ErdgeschossÃ (ground floor)on the 4th floorÃ im vierten Stockon the 4th floorÃ im 4. OGÃ (Obergeschoss)on the 4th floorÃ in der vierten EtageÃ (eh-TAHJ-ah) Kultur:Ã Everyone but Americans numbers building floors by calling the first floor above the ground the first floor (der erste Stock). If youre American, when dealing with German or European floors, remember that an American second floor is the first - and so on. Same thing applies to elevator buttons! (E is the ground floor -Ã das Erdgeschoss, or sometimes P for FrenchÃ Parterre, or 0Ã null.) floor planÃ der GrundrissÃ (eines Stockwerks)houseÃ das HausÃ (HÃ ¤user)at my/our houseÃ bei mir/unsto my/our houseÃ zu mir/unshouse and homeÃ Haus und HofhousingÃ die WohnungnenÃ (pl.), (shelter)Ã die Unterkunftland, propertyÃ das GrundstÃ ¼ckneighborÃ der NachbarÃ (-en),Ã die NachbarinÃ (-nen)renovated, remodeledÃ renoviert,Ã saniertrow house, attached houseÃ dasÃ ReihenhausÃ (-hÃ ¤user)vacant, availableÃ freiyear of constructionÃ das BaujahrÃ Parts of a House From roof to basement, know what to call different rooms and elements of a house. atticÃ der Dachboden,Ã der Speicherattic apartment, mansard flatÃ die Mansardeattic floor, levelÃ das DachgeschossÃ (DG)balcony der Balkon (-s or -e)basement, cellar der Keller (-)bath, bathroom das Bad, das Badezimmer (-)WC, toiletÃ das WCÃ (-s),Ã die ToiletteÃ (-n) Kultur: A Bad or Badezimmer is strictly that, a BATH room (for bathing, washing up). If you actually want the toilet, ask for die Toilette, not das Badezimmer. Germans may wonder why you want to take a bath if you ask for the bath room. bedroomÃ das SchlafzimmerÃ (-)built-in cabinetsÃ die EinbauschrÃ ¤nkebuilt-in closetsÃ die Einbaugarderobenbuilt-in kitchenÃ die EinbaukÃ ¼cheelevatorÃ der Aufzug,Ã der Fahrstuhl,Ã der Lift Kultur:Ã Dont be surprised if your German apartment house has noÃ Aufzug, even if your apartment is on the 5th or 6th floor! Older German apartment complexes of six floors or less may have no elevator. entrance, entryÃ der Eingangseparate entranceÃ eigener Eingangentry hallÃ die DieleÃ (-n),Ã der Flurfloor (surface)Ã der FuÃÅ¸bodenwood floors, parquetÃ der ParkettfuÃÅ¸bodenfloor tileÃ die FlieseÃ (-n)flooring, floor coveringÃ der FuÃÅ¸bodenbelaggarageÃ die GarageÃ (of a house)garret, mansard flatÃ die Mansardehalf-basement, basement flatÃ das SouterrainÃ (-s)hall, hallwayÃ der FlurinsulationÃ die Isolierung,Ã die DÃ ¤mmungsound insulation, soundproofingÃ die SchalldÃ ¤mpfungpoorly insulated (for sound), lacking soundproofingÃ hellhÃ ¶rigkitchenÃ die KÃ ¼cheÃ (-n)kitchenetteÃ die KochnischeÃ (-n)living roomÃ das WohnzimmerÃ (-)officeÃ das BÃ ¼roÃ (-s)office, workroomÃ das ArbeitszimmerÃ (-)parking spaceÃ der StellplatzÃ (-plÃ ¤tze)patio, terraceÃ die TerrasseÃ (-n)laundry roomÃ die WaschkÃ ¼cheÃ (-n)roomÃ das ZimmerÃ (-),Ã der RaumshowerÃ die Duscheshower roomÃ der Duschraumstorage roomÃ de r AbstellraumÃ (-rÃ ¤ume)underground parking (garage)Ã die TiefgarageÃ (-n)windowÃ das FensterÃ (-)workroom, office, studyÃ das ArbeitszimmerÃ (-) Household Furnishings Be aware that some German apartments are sold bare - with no light fixtures or even the proverbial kitchen sink! Read yourÃ KaufvertragÃ (sales contract) carefully to avoid having to wash the dishes in the bathroom by candlelight after you move into your new apartment. furnishedÃ mÃ ¶bliert Note:Ã Furnished apartments are rare in Germany.bath towel das Badetuchbed das Bett (-en)carpet, carpeting der Teppich (-e)carpeted floors der Teppichbodenfitted carpet/wall-to-wall carpeting der Teppichbodenchair der Stuhl (StÃ ¼hle)chaise lounge/longue, lounge chair, deck chairÃ der Liegestuhl (-stÃ ¼hle)(clothes) closet, wardrobe der Kleiderschrank (-schrÃ ¤nke), die Garderobe (-n) Kultur: German houses and apartments rarely have built-in closets (Einbaugarderobe). They are usually free-standing pieces of furniture that must be bought, just as a bed or any other furniture. couchÃ die CouchÃ (-enÃ or -s) - in Swiss GermanÃ CouchÃ is masc.curtainÃ der VorhangÃ (-hÃ ¤nge),Ã die GardineÃ (-n)lace/net curtainsÃ die Gardinencurtain rod/railÃ die VorhangstangeÃ (-n),Ã die GardinenstangeÃ (-n)deskÃ der SchreibtischÃ (-e)kitchen sinkÃ das SpÃ ¼lbeckenÃ (-)lampÃ die LampeÃ (-n),Ã die LeuchteÃ (floor lamp)lightÃ das LichtÃ (-er),Ã die LeuchteÃ (-n) (lamp)lightingÃ die Beleuchtungmedicine chestÃ der Arzneischrank,Ã die Hausapothekeplug, elec. outletÃ die Steckdoseplug (elec.)Ã der Steckershelf, shelvingÃ das RegalÃ (-e)bookshelfÃ das BÃ ¼cherregalsink (kitchen)Ã das SpÃ ¼lbeckenÃ (-)sink, wash basinÃ das WaschbeckenÃ (-)sofaÃ das SofaÃ (-s)telephoneÃ das TelefonÃ (-e)television setÃ der FernseherÃ (-),Ã das FernsehgerÃ ¤tÃ (-e)tileÃ die FlieseÃ (-n)tile(d) floorÃ der Fliesenbodentoilet, WCÃ die ToiletteÃ (-n),Ã das WCÃ (-s)toilet seatÃ die Toilettenbril leÃ (-n)towelÃ das BadetuchÃ (bath towel),Ã das HandtuchÃ (hand towel)towel rackÃ der HandtuchhaltervaseÃ die VaseÃ (-n)wash basin, sinkÃ dasÃ Waschbecken Household Appliances These appliances and pieces of equipment may not come with your dwelling. Be sure to check your purchase agreement. clothes washer, washing machine die WaschmaschinedishwasherÃ die SpÃ ¼lmaschine,Ã der GeschirrspÃ ¼lerfreezerÃ der TiefkÃ ¼hlschrankfreezer chestÃ die TiefkÃ ¼hltruherefrigeratorÃ der KÃ ¼hlschrankgas heatÃ dieÃ Gasheizungheat, heatingÃ die Heizungstove (heat)Ã der Ofenkitchen stove, rangeÃ der Herdoven (baking, roasting)Ã der Backofenmower, lawn mowerÃ der RasenmÃ ¤herÃ (-) Financial Terms These words will be important when you are making the deal or paying for your housing. deposit die Kaution (KT)down payment die Anzahlunglandlord der Vermieter, die Vermieterinrenter, tenant der Mieter (-), die Mieterin (-nen)
Friday, December 27, 2019
Research Proposal Huba Zulfiqar London Southbank University Table of Contents Research question 1 Objective of the research 1 Research Rationale 2 Literature Review 3 Methodology 5 References 6 Photojournalism and its Ethical Lapses Research question How the journalism industry as a whole is being impacted by the ethical lapses of photojournalism? Objective of the research Photojournalism has been considered one of the most important pillars of the field of journalism. A picture is worth a thousand words. For this particular reason the visual representation of important events is as necessary in the modern era of journalism as the words themselves. Many of the times, the picture precedes the words and words alone are not able to fully describe the importance of any event. It therefore becomes fundamental and consequential that photojournalism is provided the equal importance as is provided to the print journalism. The particular objective of the research is to highlight such importance. As the journalism is progressing, new issues related to ethics are arising. In recent time a number of ethical issues have been identified in photojournalism. These ethical lapses have negatively influenced photojournalism, but at the same time its impact on overall field of journalism has also been extensive. The research tries to identify the actual nature of the et hical lapses in photojournalism and to what extent; the overall journalism is being impacted by such
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Introduction Throughout society, several individuals ponder on the notion: Ã¢â¬Å"How does greed lead to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s demise?Ã¢â¬ However, before discussing the consequences of greed, one must consider its motives. Greed is developed when an individual faces adversity early on in life or becomes envious of others because it motivates them to search for an alternative that fills the void of deprivation. To guarantee that their desire is fulfilled, their greed will lead them to perform impulsive and irrational actions, resulting in their demise. Motives for Greed The origins of greed stem from encountering hardships at a young age and becoming excessively jealous of others. Within an article titled: Ã¢â¬Å"Is Greed Good,Ã¢â¬ Neel Burton argues that Ã¢â¬Å"greed often arises from early negative experiences such as parental inconsistency, neglect, or abuse. In later life, feelings of anxiety and vulnerability, often combined with low self-esteem, lead the person to fixate on a particular substitute for what she once needed but could not findÃ¢â¬ (Burton). When an individual is prematurely exposed to adversity, they are withheld from fulfilling their desires or needs because their oppression prevents them from doing so. As a result, they dwell obsessively upon an alternative for what he or she is deprived of, leading to their greediness because they will go to great lengths to ensure that their desires are achieved. Furthermore, in Othello, Iago expresses, Till I am even d with him, wife for wife, / Or
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Current Trends and Future Developments. Answer: Introduction Change and performance is essential for the development and success of any organization. The management of the change and development in the organization is defined as change management. It is often seen that most of the organizations are facing issues related to the process, policies and structure; change management is required for making changes in the organization. Change management starts form the higher level and it moves towards the lower levels of the organization. Change management indentifies the frequency and intensity and based on that prioritizes the issues and mitigates them (Hayes, 2014). However, the organization may face problems from two aspects, one is the internal and other is the external. This is a report, which will analyze the case study of B. R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation where the problems are developed for the internal affairs of the organization. The organization consist of various in competencies in the process, management and structure which w ill be identified and evaluated to find out the appropriate solution for change management and development. The report will initially discuss all the issues in the organization and then will describe the possible intervention for implementing change management. The given case study has been analyzed in order to identify the possible change management issues in B. R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation. There are lot of issues in the organization but only the major concerns have been highlighted. The organization has been facing issues regarding the structure, human resources and the operations. The issues that require immediate attention are as follows: Communication is necessary for the proper execution of the processes and B. R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation has been facing major issues in this part. The communication channel assists any organization to put across their objectives and goals to their workforce so that they align their personal goals with that of the organization. An effective two-way communication channel enables the workforce to communicate with the higher officials, which facilitates the improvements in the productivity (Cameron Green, 2015). However, in this scenario there is a huge gap in communication within the employees and the higher officials, which has given rise to problems such as issues in overtime and payment. Communication is necessary for the management of change within the organization as it will convey the valid reasons for engaging the employees in the new initiatives. The organization is going through a phase of turmoil and the workforce of the organization is unhappy with the policies and the job profile of the organization. Several complaints have been made which suggests that the employees are dissatisfied with their job and the management. The management is vague which has given rise to the discontentment within the employees. Employee turnover is dependent on the motivation and the level of job satisfaction among the employees (Daley, 2012). B. R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation is having problems with the attrition rate within the organization and it is hampering the productivity. This increase in the attrition rate of the employees has affected the business model of the organization. The cost of the organization has increased significantly but their revenue generation streams have remained stagnant. Thus, the profitability of the organization has decreased and the reputation of the organization has been hampered. Low Health and Safety Standards There are various instances, which show that the organization is reluctant about the safety and health measures within the plant. The health and safety standards in the organization are poor ; the organization is not complying with the guidelines that is in accordance with the industry. There are instances which shows that the majority of the employees are suffering from broken fingers, back pain and various other disabilities. This is due to the accidents that keep on occurring due to the ignorance of the management of B. R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation. These serious issues have been ignored by the organization and it has created a negative impact on the image of the organization. Intervention is required to make changes to the current policies in the organization (Doppelt, 2017). This will include the execution of the planned and organized activities so that the current policies of the organization can be changed. The external consultants have proposed changes that are necessary for the development of the organization. The interventions that are available in the organization are strategic intervention and meeting. The strategic intervention will analyze the past data within the organization in order to identify the future opportunities in the market (Burke, 2017). This will also identify the present changes that are required in terms of the processes and policies in the organization. This will facilitate in improving the performance of the organization by improving the various processes. The change management is supported by the strategic intervention so that it can provide better results. The next intervention that will be explained is conducting meetings among the management and the workforce through a mediator. This will improve the chances of resolving the problem by a reaching a level of consensus. The employees will have the opportunity of sharing all their grievances in front of the management of the organization and the management will have the opportunity of providing logic answers to the problems faced the employees. This will facilitate better understanding of the point of views of each of the party (Anderson, 2016). The management will be able to identify and realise the issues in management, which have to be dealt with on a priority basis. Thus, the organization will be able to formulate the strategy that is required for the management of change within the organization. Thus, the organization will be able to make changes to the processes and the structure by identify the various business processes. Selection of appropriate intervention The issues in the organization, B.R. Richardson Timber Products Corporation have been identified and there are various interventions that are required for change management. The interventions will be able to combine all the components such as strategies, programs and policies so that a transformation can be brought within the organization. Strategic intervention, improvement in the safety and the health policies and educational programs will be used for the applying change management in the organization. This will also include the promotional campaigns, which promote the safety and health standards and measures. There are various kinds of issues in the organization so multiple strategic interventions will have to be executed so that all the issues can be addressed. The multiple strategies and interventions, which will be used, are effective and reliable. The sustainability of the organizations is dependent on these strategies as it will have a positive impact (Reese, 2015). Team building is an effective intervention that has to be applied as it is targeted to a large number of audiences in the market. Team building will improve the motivational level of the workforce, which in turn will improve the level of job satisfaction within the employees. Thus, the attrition rate of the organization can be reduced and the organization will be able to reduce the increased cost of the workforce. The strategic intervention will plan strategies for the development of the new lamination plant so there is no lack in the infrastructure and all the safety procedures are maintained. The inspection plan has shown that the plant is very noisy and the level of dust is higher than the industry standards. The dust is accompanied by glue, which make the working environment very bad for the employees. The employees in the organization are not provided appropriate wages and the organization has neglected the cleanliness of the plant. The interventions will aim to improve the skil l level of the workers by providing them with adequate training and development facilities (Yoon et al., 2013). The consultant and the client will have to work together so that all the needs of the organization are met. This will help to improve the consistency of the processes and the procedure of the organization, which will facilitate in the formation a business model, which is effective. Human resources in the organization will be improved by using team-building strategies. This will eventually help in improving the level of performance and motivation among the workforce. Change management will thus enable the transformation of the organization in a better way and it will help to realise the objectives and the goals of the organization. Thus, a workforce will be created that is highly motivated and is focused on the bonding of the team. The change management will enable better management of the workforce of the organization and will try to improve the role of the human resources of the organization. The change management will enable the improvement in the structure and the overall processe s of the organization. This will enable the managers to perform their task in a better way and they will able to develop a relationship with the teams (Zanko Dawson, 2012). The change management in the organization will help to improve the processes and programs. The organization will be able to achieve their short term and the long-term objectives and goals if they are able to incorporate the team building in the human resources practices. However, the above-mentioned intervention may have an adverse effect on the human resources of the organization. Communication and team bonding may give rise to conflict among the various employees so it is the duty of the organization to monitor the organization processes and the workforce. This will help to avoid contingencies in the organization, which ultimately will improve the productivity of the workforce. Team building will also improve the two-way communication channel among the employees and the management, which will keep the objectives and the goals of the stakeholders in alignment with that of the employees. The training and development policies in the strategic intervention will be essential for the dev elopment of the skill level of the employees. This will ensure that the accidents are minimized and the employees can show their full potential. The promotional campaigns will increase the engagement of the employees, which means that the workforce will eventually become motivated and is expected to have positive impact on the workforce. Thus, it can be said that a combination of interventions are required for mitigating all the problems. Team building, meeting and strategic intervention are factors that will be appropriate for the organization (Kaufer Carley, 2012). Necessary actions to implement the recommended strategy The strategies for mitigating the problems in the organization have already been decided so the action plan will have to be identified so it can be executed. The organization will have to develop a time frame that is feasible and realistic as change management will take time. The change management will start from the higher level towards the level so it is slow process. The communication will have to be maintained with the management and the workforce so there is smooth execution of the processes of the organization. The organization will have to implement integration in to the business model so that continuous improvement can be made. In order to reach consensus a third party is required who will act as a mediator. This would facilitate to create a workforce, which is effective and able to coordinate the resources (Cummings Worley, 2014). Conclusion Thus, it can be concluded that the organization has been facing lot of issues in the processes, structure and strategy. This hampered the reputation and the overall productivity of the organization. The report has recommended strategies, which will help to improve and mitigate all the issues in the organization. thus, the required interventions have been critically explained. The implementation of this strategies have also been explained and if the organization is able to follow the strategies, they will be able to improve the productivity of the organization. The conclusion that can be drawn is that change management is required for better management practices. Reference and Bibliography Anderson, D. L. (2016). Organization development: The process of leading organizational change. Sage Publications. Badri, A., Gbodossou, A., Nadeau, S. (2012). Occupational health and safety risks: Towards the integration into project management. Safety science, 50(2), 190-198. Burke, W. W. (2017). Organization change: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Cameron, E., Green, M. (2015). Making sense of change management: A complete guide to the models, tools and techniques of organizational change. Kogan Page Publishers. Cummings, T. G., Worley, C. G. (2014). Organization development and change. Cengage learning. Daley, D. M. (2012). Strategic human resources management. Public Personnel Management, 120-125. Doppelt, B. (2017). Leading change toward sustainability: A change-management guide for business, government and civil society. Routledge. Fernndez-Muiz, B., Montes-Pen, J. M., Vzquez-Ords, C. J. (2012). Occupational risk management under the OHSAS 18001 standard: analysis of perceptions and attitudes of certified firms. Journal of Cleaner Production, 24, 36-47. Grote, G. (2012). Safety management in different high-risk domainsAll the same?. Safety Science, 50(10), 1983-1992. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. Palgrave Macmillan. Kaufer, D. S., Carley, K. M. (2012). Communication at a distance: The influence of print on sociocultural organization and change. Routledge. Lehto, M. R., Cook, B. T. (2012). Occupational health and safety management. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Fourth Edition, 699-733. Moraru, R. I. (2012). Current trends and future developments in occupational health and safety risk management. In Risk Management for the Future-Theory and Cases. InTech. Reese, C. D. (2015). Occupational health and safety management: a practical approach. CRC press. Yoon, S. J., Lin, H. K., Chen, G., Yi, S., Choi, J., Rui, Z. (2013). Effect of occupational health and safety management system on work-related accident rate and differences of occupational health and safety management system awareness between managers in South Korea's construction industry. Safety and health at work, 4(4), 201-209. Zanko, M., Dawson, P. (2012). Occupational health and safety management in organizations: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(3), 328-344.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Though very few remember him, Masers interpretation of animal magnetism marked the beginning of mental therapy as we understand It today. At a time when methods reminiscent of medieval superstitions were being viewed with suspicion. His theories bridged the gap between ancient superstitions and modern psychotherapy. Franz Anton Messes (1733-1815) was born on the 23rd of May 1733 at the village of Gazing near Switzerland, on the German side of Bodies (Lake Constance).He was originally intended for the church and studied at Jesuit University f Dillinger, Bavaria where he studied philosophy and theology. During his studies, he came Into contact with the works of Christian Wolff, who gave him scientific method and Descartes, which convinced him that heavenly bodies affected the lives of men. Wolff had published an essay on the practical philosophy of the Chinese, one of the earliest of such works in the West.The interrelationship of Heaven, Earth and Man, implicit in this philosophy, deeply impressed young Anton and affected his whole worldview. We will write a custom essay sample on Mesmerism and Spirituality or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He later embarked on medical studies in the University of Vienna. He was the student of some the most famous physicians at the time, such as Gerard De Swelter (Empress Merle Threshers physically Anton De Hahn and Anton von Stock. His thesis De influx planetarium in corpus human (Influence of the Planets on the Human Body. ) showed his growing interest in Paralegals theories.He wrote on the influence of the planets and their possible effect on human bodies by ways of and the element fluid. He declared human bodies harbored a magnetic curative fluid that people could use to heal each other, thus a doctor could heal a tenant by touching them. However, stayed well away from any astrological theories or any other supernatural explanations. One of his goals was to have his method and theories accepted by the scientific institution of the day, this proved to be a very frustrating goal that reached no fruition and brought him misfortune.He married a very wealthy widow (Anna Maria Von Pooch) and established himself as a physician in the Austrian capital Vienna. He was very passionate about music and was a patron of musicians Including Mozart and Haydn. At that time, the orthodox treatment of various DOLS-or deer was Limited to such things as bloodletting, blistering and various medicinal concoctions. Magnets the recommend medium to carry this fluid (according to Paralegals) was readily available and was being used by some practitioners as a curative medium. Messes was influenced by the work of (the unfortunately named) astronomer and priest Maximally Hell, who was already using magnets to relieve pain, and studied under him as an assistant. Francs first personal attempt In magnetism was with a young reined of his wifes called Franz Sororities, who suffered from hysteria with symptoms including convulsions, vomiting, depression, blindness, lameness, fainting fits. His treatment was very successful and she went on to live a normal life and even had children. In time.Messes did not mention a very therapeutic factor- her confidence in him and her complete faith In his ability to cure her. However In time, he came to realize that he was unable to cure people who had no faith In him. Messes also using them. In 1775, He called this form of treatment (the quality in animals which dad them sensitive to the universe) animal magnetism. Majority of his patients suffered from nervous conditions and he refused to treat organic illnesses. Most of his patients exhibited symptoms of being healed.However this idea of faith in the healer was experimented on before. For ages, man has tried to cure diseases without drugs through some invisible power and believed that the soul had an influence on the body. These miraculous cures were often brought about by rites and rituals. The Greeks came closer to modern methods and they dimly understood that to influence patients soul (which will in tune affect an improvement in their physical condition), the healer must gain the patients complete confidence. This was often done through physical contact> Plutarch records that Porphyry of Pipers cured illness by touching the sufferer with his big toe. Apart from laying of hands they also believed that a patient must have a serene and hopeful attitude to be cured. For example in Temples of Healing, priests prescribed sleep for patients. However before they slept, they were told that they will definitely be healed, thus exerting a strong suggestive influence on them.Another ancient example of this will be the miracles of Jesus Christ, who healed people merely by touching them or proclaiming that they will be healed. He wept aside common belief that only powerful people were capable of healing and stated that any man could be a successful physician, given that he believed. (An example of this being the woman with the issue of blood who got healed simply by touching his garments). Up till a three centuries ago, people believed that by being touched by a monarch, they could be cured of certain illnesses including tuberculosis.In 1784, King Louis XVI appointed four members of the Faculty of Medicine as commissioners to investigate animal magnetism as practiced by doesnt. At the request of these commissioners the King appointed five additional commissioners from the Royal Academy of Sciences. These included Dry Antoine Lavisher, De Jessie of the famous French botanists, Dry Joseph-Ignite Guillotine, the astronomer Jean Sylvan Bailey, and the American ambassador Benjamin Franklin. With the exception of De Jessie, the members of the commission proved to be very narrow- indeed and unimaginative.